Oolong tea originated in Fujian and has a history of more than 1,000 years. The formation and development of oolong tea must first trace the Beiyuan tea. Beiyuan Tea is the earliest tribute tea in Fujian, and it is also the most famous tea after the Song Dynasty. There are more than ten books on the history of Beiyuan tea production and cooking. Beiyuan is an area around the Fenghuang Mountain in Jianye, Fujian Province. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, tea was produced.
"Zhu Tongzhi" contains, at the end of the Tang Dynasty, Jian'an Zhang Tinghui hired workers to plant tea in the mountains of Fenghuang Mountain, and initially cultivated tea. Song Taizong Taiping Xingguo two years (977 years) has produced Longfeng tea, after Song Zhenzong (998) Small group tea, became the famous dragon group Feng cake. At that time, he served as the transferer of Fujian, supervising the production of tribute tea, Cai Wei, especially the Qibeiyuan tea. He wrote in the "Tea Record" written in 1051 that "tea tastes mainly in Gansu, but Beiyuan Phoenix Mountain continues to be baked." The producers are very good.” The important products of Beiyuan Tea belong to Longteng Feng cake. The mining process is as follows: “The far upper cliff, the spring leaves are warm, and the baskets are white and oblique. "To take a basket of fresh leaves, it takes a day and the leaves to sway in the basket. It will not start steaming until the evening. This backlogged material has inadvertently changed partially red, and the leaves are enzymatic." The oxidized part becomes purple or brown, and its essence is already semi-fermented, which is the category of so-called oolong tea. Therefore, it is said that Beiyuan Tea is the predecessor of oolong tea and has a certain scientific basis.
After the Beiyuan Tea, Wuyishan Tea won the status of tribute tea in the Yuan Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty and gained development. The oolong tea is now a kind of tea made by Anxi people in the same way as Wuyishan tea. Oolong tea was created around 1725 (Qingzhen Zhengzheng), Fujian "Anxi County" recorded: "Anxi people in the Qing Dynasty three years first invented oolong tea practices, later introduced to northern Fujian and Taiwan." According to historical data, in 1862 Fuzhou There is a tea stack that manages oolong tea. In 1866, Taiwan's oolong tea began to be exported. Now the largest producer of oolong tea in China is Anhui Anxi, and Anxi is also named as the “Hometown of Chinese Oolong Tea (Famous Tea)” by the Ministry of Agriculture and the Chinese Agricultural Society in 1995.